Juror etiquette and guidelines



  • Arrive on time. Trials cannot proceed without all jurors present.
  • Wear appropriate dress. Jurors are, in effect, officers of the court during jury service. Shorts, tank tops and t-shirts are not allowed. Jurors may be sent home to change if necessary.
  • Except for grand jurors, wear your juror badge in the courthouses at all times.
  • Do not discuss the case with anyone during the trial. This includes other jurors, relatives, friends and coworkers and court staff.
  • Listen carefully in court. If you can’t hear something, inform the bailiff or judge.
  • If anyone tries to talk to you about your trial, inform the person it’s improper to talk about the case or obtain information about it outside the courtroom.
  • Report your encounter immediately the judge, bailiff or jury supervisor.
  • Report any improper conduct by a fellow juror.
  • Jurors chosen to serve should not discuss any legal subject with any lawyer, witness or party in the case during the trial. Such contact could result in a mistrial.
  • If a juror learns facts about the case they’re serving on outside of the courtroom, it must be reported immediately and not discussed with other jurors.
  • Jurors should not conduct independent research about evidence or by reading news reports and social media accounts. Cases must be decided based solely on evidence presented in court.
  • Jurors must listen carefully to instructions of law provided by the judge throughout the trial, and particularly before closing arguments to understand how they are applied to the case at hand.
  • Only when deliberations begin may jurors discuss the case with each other. Never discuss deliberations with anyone outside the jury deliberation room until you are discharged. After being discharged, jurors are free to discuss the case with anyone but are not required to do so.